Types of Korean Ginseng

History of Korean Ginseng


Since ancient times, Korean Ginseng has been frequently introduced as a ‘mysteriously powerful medicine’ in classical medical writings of Korea, China, Japan and other Asian countries for its renowned quality and potency. During the Era of Three Kingdoms (BC18 ~ 668) of Korea Baek-jae-sahm, Ginseng from Baekjae Kingdom was famous, while it became one of the major trading goods in the Era of Koryo (918 ~ 1392), the era best known for its flourishing maritime import and export business. In 17th century, Ginseng grown in the Chosun Dynasty was used as currency on the Ginseng Road, where robust trading was taking place for the sales of silk from China and silver from Japan. During the time, Korean Ginseng was praised for its superior quality and effectiveness.

When Ginseng cultivation began is not clear. However, historical evidence suggests that forest cultivation of Ginseng was first experimented at the end of Koryo Dynasty, where some began adapting forest cultivation of Ginseng by transplanting Wild Ginseng seeds or roots, as the government demanded higher production rate of Ginseng as a means to collect tax, while availability of Ginseng grew scarce.

Recognition of Korean Ginseng began spreading widely in international communities since the 18th century. The staple products that symbolized Korea were the Korean Ginseng and hats. For example, in 1737, Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon D’Anville, a French Geologist, drew a map of Korean peninsula, and depiction of the life at Korea in that time, with people wearing hats and holding ginseng in their hands.

Efficacy of Korean Ginseng